Soft skills & hard skills - essence and importance for career development

Writen by: 
Iva Petrova

What are the different types of skills?

So-called hard skills are those that can be learned and measured. These are the skills we acquire during our education as we read or while we are working.
These are the skills we write about in our autobiography and which are very easy to prove.
A few examples of hard skills: knowledge of a foreign language, writing speed, managing different machines, code writing.

Soft skills, on the other hand, are subjective. They can hardly be seen and proven. Soft skills relate to the ability to understand other people and to communicate with them.
Examples of soft skills: communicativeness, leadership, teamwork, effective time management, negotiation, high work ethic, etc. 
As we mentioned, soft skills are difficult to prove. We have no diplomas, certificates for them. How can we convince the person against us that we have soft skills? The easiest way to do this is by giving examples of situations where we have had to express our skills.

Importance of soft skills for career development
In the era of information technologies and process automation, it is very easy to delude yourself that it is more than just enough to master the work in a certain position. This is not the case. In the course of my work, I have faced highly qualified specialists in their field who fail to succeed at a higher level. Why? 
Just because they lack the skills to "sell" themselves, to prove they are ready for a new challenge and a new stage in their career. Or because they do not know how to work with their team and cannot manage it in any way. The reasons are numerous. All of them are related to a lack of soft skills.

In modern business conditions, organizations are interdependent. This means that they are in constant interaction, continuous communication and constantly doing business deals to perform a service.
Every client expects to be taken care of when a problem arises, that the counterparty responds as flexible as possible so as to meet expectations. This cannot be accomplished only with technical skills.
Undoubtedly, they smooth the process but are a tool that works as efficiently as possible when managed by very well-developed soft skills.

According to different studies, the most important soft skills for organizations are:

1. Communication
2. Strong personal motivation
3. Leadership skills
4. Taking responsibility
5. Teamwork skills
6. Skills to resolve conflicts and problems
7. Flexibility and creativity
8. Negotiating skills
9. Effective Time Management Skills
10. High working ethics


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